COHV Voluntary Standards

Four Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles COHV 1- 2012
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Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles COHV 2- 2016
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Multipurpose Off-Highway Utility Vehicles COHV 3 – 2013
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Standard for Four Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles COHV 1- 2012
This standard for four-wheel all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) is the fourth revision of the ATV industry voluntary standard developed by members of the Canadian Off-Highway Vehicle Distributors Council (COHV), formerly called the Canadian All-Terrain Vehicle Distributors Council (CATV).The COHV 1-2009 adopted the ANSI/SVIA 1-2007 by reference and also specified labeling and owner’s manual requirements. The revised ANSI/SVIA 1-2010 addresses design, configuration and performance aspects of ATVs, including, among other items, requirements for mechanical suspension; throttle, clutch and gearshift controls; engine and fuel cutoff devices; lighting; tires; operator foot environment; service and parking brake/parking mechanism performance; and pitch stability. It also covers some new areas, including

  • definition of Type I and Type II ATVs,
  • new Y10+ and T category ATVs;
  • requirements for Type II ATV passenger handholds and footrests;
  • labels
  • owner’s manuals,
  • hang tags, and a
  • compliance certification label

The COHV and its member companies have agreed to fully adopt the ANSI/SVIA 1-2010 standard by reference with the exception of that stated in section 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 of this standard.

Standard for Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles COHV 2-2016
This is the second edition of the recreational off-highway vehicle standard for off-road vehicles (excluding all-terrain vehicles) and has been developed by members of the members of the Canadian Off-High Vehicle Distributors Council (COHV).The COHV 2-2016 adopts the ANSI/ROHVA 1-2014 by reference and addresses design, configuration and performance aspects of ROVs, including, among other items, requirements for the accelerator, clutch and gearshift controls; lighting; tires; service and parking brake/parking mechanism performance; lateral and pitch stability; occupant handholds; Roll Over Protective Structure (ROPS); and Occupant Retention System (ORS); and requirements for labels and owner’s manuals.

The COHV and its member companies have agreed to fully adopt the new standard by reference with the addition of bilingual language requirements as stated in sections 5, 6 and 7.

Standard for Multipurpose Off-Highway Utility Vehicles COHV 3 – 2013
This standard is the first edition for off-highway vehicles, other than Recreational Off-Highway Vehicles (ROV) defined in COHV 2-2016. The standard is designed for multipurpose utility use and has been developed by the members of the Canadian Off-High Vehicle Distributors Council (COHV).This voluntary standard adopts the ANSI/OPEI B71.9 -2012 by reference and also specifies labeling requirements and owner’s manual. ANSI/OPEI B71.9 -2012 addresses design configuration and performance aspects of utility vehicles, including, among other items, requirements for occupant protective systems, parking brake/parking mechanism, lighting, tires, and static stability and dynamic stability.The COHV and its member companies who produce this type of vehicles have agreed to adopt the standard by reference with the additional bilingual requirements as stated in section 4, 5, 6.
Li Liu Jo-Anne Farquhar
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